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Current Medical Imaging


ISSN (Print): 1573-4056
ISSN (Online): 1875-6603

Review Article

The Established Nuclear Medicine Modalities for Imaging of Bone Metastases

Author(s): Nazish Jabeen, Rashid Rasheed, Asma Rafique and Ghulam Murtaza*

Volume 15, Issue 9, 2019

Page: [819 - 830] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1573405614666180327122548

Price: $65


Background: The skeleton is one of the frequent site of metastases in advanced cancer. Prostate, breast and renal cancers mostly metastasize to bone.

Discussion: Malignant tumors lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Identification of bone lesions is a crucial step in diagnosis of disease at early stage, monitoring of disease progression and evaluation of therapy. Diagnosis of cancer metastases is based on uptake of bone-targeted radioactive tracer at different bone remodeling sites.

Conclusion: This manuscript summarizes already established and evolving nuclear medicine modalities (e.g. bone scan, SPECT, SPECT/CT, PET, PET/CT) for imaging of bone metastases.

Keywords: Malignant tumors, morbidity, mortality, bone lesion, diagnosis, cancer metastasis, radioactive tracer.

Graphical Abstract
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