Background: In recent years, Staphylococcus aureus have developed resistance to medicines used for the treatment of human infections. Therefore, the search for antibacterial agents of high potency against Staphylococcus aureus is of great concern. Peptide deformylase (PDF), a metalloprotease catalyzing the removal of a formyl group from newly synthesized proteins, has been considered to be an important antibacterial drug target.
Objective: To discover novel antibacterial drugs based on Staphylococcus aureus peptide deformylase.
Method: PDF-based virtual screening of compounds from Traditional Chinese Medicine Database@Taiwan was performed by Sybyl X2.1 Surflex dock software. Compounds which possess high docking score were used for the following antibacterial experiments to evaluate their antibacterial activities. Kanamycin was also used in the antibacterial experiment as a control substance in the assay. Furthermore, molecular docking studies was applied to elucidate binding interaction between some compounds and PDF. In silico pharmacokinetic and toxicity prediction was explored to explain the reasons why these compounds might stand good chance of providing some pharmaceutical benefits.
Results: Gentiopicroside, protosappanin B, dihydromyricetin and cryptochlorogenic acid with high docking score were used for our subsequent antibacterial assays. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of kanamycin and gentiopicroside were 0.008 mg·mL-1 and 0.431 mg·mL-1, respectively, other three compounds, protosappanin B, dihydromyricetin and cryptochlorogenic acid have close MIC value of 0.50 mg·mL-1.
Conclusion: Dihydromyricetin, with the MIC value of 0.50 mg·mL-1 and relatively high drug score of 0.82, may serve as a novel antibacterial lead compound.