Colchicine is a lipophilic alkaloid drug, which exhibits ant-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties. Cardinal mechanisms of action of colchicine are the disruption of the microtubule system and the inhibition of neutrophil adhesion and recruitment.
Colchicine is indicated in the prevention and treatment of gouty arthritis and familial Mediterranean fever. In this review, we summarize current and potentially future pharmacologic activities of colchicine in various renal disease entities along with pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. Additionally, we will refer to main interactions of colchicine with medications used in renal medicine, as well as dosing recommendations in patients with reduced glomerular filtration rate.