Background: Betamethasone Valerate (BV) is a potent topical corticosteroid. Preparation of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) involves process parameters optimization and formulations were developed. It is available in several conventional formulations like creams and ointments which have well-known problems of frequent dosing and consequently additional side effects. The aim is to ascertain the probability of NLC as an exclusive carrier for betamethasone valerate topical application with regard to release modulation and improved therapeutic effect.
Method: Preparation of BVNLC formulations involves rigorous broad range optimization of process parameters viz. selection of lipids, surfactants, formulation technique, stirring time, stirring speed and homogenization cycles. Accordingly, optimized parameters were selected and formulation table was developed. Characterizations of developed NLC comprise particle shape, size, zeta potential, percent drug entrapment, in vitro drug release studies. The optimized NLC formulation was gelled and evaluated for ex vivo permeation studies and preclinical anti-inflammatory testing.
Results: The permeation studies revealed that enhancement ratio of BVNLC based gel was 2.59 folds higher as compared to plain BV gel. Release models indicated anomalous (non-fickian) diffusion viz. drug release is controlled by more than one process i.e. superposition of both phenomenon, the diffusion controlled as well as swelling controlled release. Preclinical studies indicated a significant (P < 0.05) extended anti-inflammatory effect and 16.5% inhibition compared to plain gel.
Conclusion: The outcome of entire characterization advocates that the developed formulation is efficient as once a day dosing in therapy of atopic dermatitis.