Review Article

Phytomedicines are Efficient Complementary Therapies for the Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of Mechanistic Insight and Recent Updates

Author(s): Mohamad Aidil Tumpang, Nor Amlizan Ramli* and Zahid Hussain*

Volume 19, Issue 6, 2018

Page: [674 - 700] Pages: 27

DOI: 10.2174/1389450118666170913162147

Price: $65


Background: Phytomedicines have been well-accepted alternative complementary therapies for the treatment of a wide range of acute and chronic skin inflammatory diseases including chronic herpes, prurigo, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis (AD). A plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies have evidenced the therapeutic viability of phytomedicines, polyherbal formulations, plant-based materials and their decoctions for the treatment of mild-to-severe AD.

Objective: This review was aimed to summarize and critically discuss the convincing evidence for the therapeutic effectiveness of phytomedicines for the treatment of AD and explore their anti-AD efficacy.

Results: The critical analysis of a wide algorithm of herbal medicines revealed that their remarkable anti-AD efficacy is attributed to their potential of reducing erythema intensity, oedema, inflammation, transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and a remarkable suppression of mRNA expression of ADassociated inflammatory biomarkers including histamine, immunoglobulin (Ig)-E, prostaglandins, mast cells infiltration and production of cytokines and chemokines in the serum and skin biopsies.

Conclusion: In conclusion, herbal medicines hold great promise as complementary and alternative therapies for the treatment of mild-to-moderate AD when used as monotherapy and for the treatment of moderate-to-severe AD when used in conjunction with other pharmacological agents.

Keywords: Phytomedicines, ethnopharmacology, atopic dermatitis, mechanistic insight, complementary and alternative therapies.

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