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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Review Article

Analgesia for Children in Acute Pain in the Post-codeine Era

Author(s): Naveen Poonai* and Rongbu Zhu

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2018

Page: [34 - 40] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573396313666170829115631

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Acute pain is one of the most common presenting complaints in pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department. Recently, concern about the safety of narcotics such as codeine has sparked a renewed interest in opioids such as morphine and intranasal fentanyl.

Objectives: Consequently, opioids are being increasingly used in the clinical setting. Despite this, there is ample evidence that clinicians are less willing to offer opioids to children compared to adults.

Methods: The reasons for this are multifactorial but nevertheless, the provision of adequate analgesia in children is echoed by a several academic societies as a priority for comprehensive care. To address this mandate, evidence for therapies such as oral morphine, topical analgesia, and intranasal fentanyl is now mounting.

Result and Conclusions: This review will discuss the evidence and effectiveness of analgesia for children with acutely painful conditions in the post-codeine era.

Keywords: Morphine, opioid, fracture, pain, otitis, abdomen, analgesia, pediatric, codeine.

Graphical Abstract

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