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Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1570-193X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6298

Review Article

Review: Secondary Metabolites of Aquilaria, a Thymelaeaceae Genus

Author(s): Alfinda Novi Kristanti*, Mulyadi Tanjung and Nanik Siti Aminah

Volume 15, Issue 1, 2018

Page: [36 - 55] Pages: 20

DOI: 10.2174/1570193X14666170721143041

open access plus


Background: Aquilaria, a genus belonging to the Thymelaeaceae, produces fragrant resinous agarwood, also known as eaglewood, which has been used as incense since old times. The intense fragrance is the result of the presence of a wide variety of secondary metabolites.

Objective: This genus was reported contained sesquiterpenes, chromones, flavonoids, benzophenones, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, and lignans.

Conclusion: Here, we review the different secondary metabolites that have been identified in Aquilaria to show their diversity and to allow comparison with other Thymelaeaceae genera.

Keywords: Aquilaria, Thymelaeaceae, sesquiterpene, chromone, flavonoid, benzophenone, diterpenoid, triterpenoid, lignan.

Graphical Abstract

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