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Current Cancer Drug Targets

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Review Article

Clinical Trials with Oncolytic Measles Virus: Current Status and Future Prospects

Author(s): Pavlos Msaouel, Mateusz Opyrchal, Angela Dispenzieri, Kah Whye Peng, Mark J. Federspiel, Stephen J. Russell and Evanthia Galanis*

Volume 18 , Issue 2 , 2018

Page: [177 - 187] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1568009617666170222125035

Price: $65

Abstract

Attenuated Edmonston lineage measles virus (MV-Edm) vaccine strains can preferentially infect and lyse a wide variety of cancer cells. Oncolytic MV-Edm derivatives are genetically engineered to express the human carcinoembryonic antigen (MV-CEA virus) or the human sodium iodide symporter (MV-NIS virus) and are currently being tested in clinical trials against ovarian cancer, glioblastoma multiforme, multiple myeloma, mesothelioma, head and neck cancer, breast cancer and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. This review describes the basic and preclinical data that facilitated the clinical translation of MV-Edm strains, and summarizes the clinical results of this oncolytic platform to date. Furthermore, we discuss the latest clinically relevant MV-Edm vector developments and creative strategies for future translational steps.

Keywords: Cancer gene therapy, measles virus clinical trials, MV-CEA, MV-NIS, oncolytic measles, virotherapy.

Graphical Abstract

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