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Current Cancer Drug Targets

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Review Article

Epigenetic Regulation of EMT in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Author(s): Karen O’Leary, Alice Shia and Peter Schmid*

Volume 18, Issue 1, 2018

Page: [89 - 96] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/1568009617666170203162556

Price: $65

Abstract

Lung cancer remains the most diagnosed cancer in the world, with a high mortality rate and fewer therapeutic options. The most common lung cancer is non-small cell, consisting of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and large cell lung carcinoma. As per all solid tumours, the changes that occur for the initiation and metastasis of lung cancer can be described using the EMT (epithelial mesenchymal transition). Cells progressing through EMT lose their epithelial cell characteristics, expressing more mesenchymal markers and are phenotypically different. The transition can be controlled by changes in various pathways, such as TGF-β, PI3K, MAPK, Hedgehog and Wnt. The changes in those pathways can be controlled epigenetically, via DNA methylation, histone modifications or changes in small/non-coding RNA. We will describe the epigenetic changes that occur in these pathways and how we can consider novel methods to generate a synthetic lethality target in an epigenetically regulated pathway in EMT.

Keywords: NSCLC, EMT regulation, epigenetics, targeted therapy, lung cancer, tumor.

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