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Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology


ISSN (Print): 1389-2010
ISSN (Online): 1873-4316

Research Article

Met-Activating Genetically Improved Chimeric Factor-1 Promotes Angiogenesis and Hypertrophy in Adult Myogenesis

Author(s): Flavio Ronzoni, Gabriele Ceccarelli, Ilaria Perini, Laura Benedetti, Daniela Galli, Francesca Mulas, Martina Balli, Giovanni Magenes, Riccardo Bellazzi, Gabriella C. De Angelis and Maurilio Sampaolesi*

Volume 18, Issue 4, 2017

Page: [309 - 317] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1389201018666170201124602

Price: $65


Background: Myogenic progenitor cells (activated satellite cells) are able to express both HGF and its receptor cMet. After muscle injury, HGF-Met stimulation promotes activation and primary division of satellite cells. MAGIC-F1 (Met-Activating Genetically Improved Chimeric Factor-1) is an engineered protein that contains two human Met-binding domains that promotes muscle hypertrophy. MAGIC-F1 protects myogenic precursors against apoptosis and increases their fusion ability enhancing muscle differentiation. Hemizygous and homozygous Magic-F1 transgenic mice displayed constitutive muscle hypertrophy.

Methods: Here we describe microarray analysis on Magic-F1 myogenic progenitor cells showing an altered gene signatures on muscular hypertrophy and angiogenesis compared to wild-type cells. In addition, we performed a functional analysis on Magic-F1+/+ transgenic mice versus controls using treadmill test.

Results: We demonstrated that Magic-F1+/+ mice display an increase in muscle mass and cross-sectional area leading to an improvement in running performance. Moreover, the presence of MAGIC-F1 affected positively the vascular network, increasing the vessel number in fast twitch fibers. Finally, the gene expression profile analysis of Magic-F1+/+ satellite cells evidenced transcriptomic changes in genes involved in the control of muscle growth, development and vascularisation.

Conclusion: We showed that MAGIC-F1-induced muscle hypertrophy affects positively vascular network, increasing vessel number in fast twitch fibers. This was due to unique features of mammalian skeletal muscle and its remarkable ability to adapt promptly to different physiological demands by modulating the gene expression profile in myogenic progenitors.

Keywords: Myogenic progenitor cells, recombinant proteins, muscle hypertrophy, angiogenesis, transgenic mice, microarray analysis.

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