Background: One of the important functions of blood vessels and retinal vessels is that to extract the information in tissue of the retina for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases such as glaucoma, hyper tension, blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) etc. While the retinal image has to segment the blood vessels and optic disc are proposed in this novel method.
Methods: Modern ophthalmology can support non-intrusive diagnosis of this proposed method while the first step is implemented by graph cut technique in the retina vascular tree of extraction. Optic Disc (OD) has been used to locate the blood vessel information and it is the high intensity part of an eye. In this paper, ellipse fitting technique has been used to find the cup boundary of optical disc in an efficient manner.
Conclusion: Experimental results have successfully shown the diagnosis of the glaucoma, cardio vascular and other diseases.