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Current Drug Metabolism


ISSN (Print): 1389-2002
ISSN (Online): 1875-5453

Review Article

Recent Updates on the Systemic and Local Safety of Intranasal Steroids

Author(s): Tae Young Jang and Young Hyo Kim

Volume 17, Issue 10, 2016

Page: [992 - 996] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/1389200218666161123123516

Price: $65


Background: Allergic rhinitis is a global health problem, and its prevalence rate and socioeconomic burden continue to increase. Intranasal steroid (INS) is the first treatment choice in the majority of patients, because of its ability to effectively control allergic symptoms. However, patients and clinicians are concerned about the potential adverse effects of prolonged INS use.

Methods: We performed to review for evaluating systemic and local safety of INS use, by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library database for identification of relevant articles.

Results: In the present study, the systemic bioavailabilities of several commercially available INSs were researched, and then systemic safeties were reviewed with focus on suppression of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and their effects on pediatric growth. In addition, local adverse effects, such as, epistaxis and nasal septal perforation, were investigated. Finally, the authors proposed some techniques in order to avoid these complications.

Conclusion: INSs offer a safe, effective means of treating allergic rhinitis in the short- and long-term with no or minimal adverse systemic and local effects.

Keywords: Adverse effects, allergic rhinitis, biological availability, epistaxis, intranasal administration, steroids.

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