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Current Neurovascular Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Research Article

Topical Diclofenac-Loaded Liposomes Ameliorate Laser-Induced Choroidal Neovascularization in Mice and Non-Human Primates

Author(s): Masamitsu Shimazawa, Yuki Inoue, Tomomi Masuda, Risako Onodera, Kohei Tahara, Yoshitaka Shimizu, Yasuhiko Mibe, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Hirofumi Takeuchi and Hideaki Hara

Volume 14, Issue 1, 2017

Page: [46 - 52] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1567202614666161104115440

Price: $65


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of liposomes loaded with diclofenac, a potent cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitor, on laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in mice and non-human primates (common marmosets). CNV was induced by laser irradiation on the unilateral or bilateral eye of each mouse or common marmoset, respectively, under anesthesia. The CNV was visualized using fluorescence labeling with intravenous injection of fluoresceinconjugated dextran (molecular weight = 2,000 kDa), and quantified in the retinal pigment epithelia (RPE)–choroidal flatmounts. Diclofenac-loaded liposome or diclofenac ophthalmic solution was instillated to the eye surface daily for 14 days and 21 days in mice and common marmosets, respectively. In the mouse CNV model, 0.1% diclofenac-loaded liposome eye drops administered four times a day (q.i.d.) significantly reduced CNV formation in the RPE–choroidal flatmounts compared with those in empty liposome eye drops. Diclofenac-loaded liposome (0.1%) eye drops, administered once a day (s.i.d.), twice a day (b.i.d.), and three times a day (t.i.d.), also reduced CNV formation in a frequency-dependent manner. Furthermore, diclofenac-loaded liposome (0.03% and 0.1%) eye drops administered t.i.d. reduced CNV formation in a dose-dependent manner, significantly so at 0.1%. In the common marmoset CNV model, late hyperfluorescence and leakage by fluorescein angiograms was observed within or beyond the lesion borders at 17 days after laser irradiation, and diclofenac-loaded liposome eye drops (0.1% t.i.d.) tended to attenuate the late hyperfluorescence and leakage. Diclofenac-loaded liposomes had significantly reduced CNV formation in the RPE– choroidal flatmounts at 21 days after laser irradiation. In conclusion, diclofenac-loaded liposome eye drops enhance penetration to the RPE–choroid, and reduce the CNV formation. These results suggest that a drug-loaded liposome is a useful tool for drug delivery into the posterior segment of the eye.

Keywords: Age-related macular degeneration, eye drop, choroidal neovascularization, fluorescein angiograms, diclofenac, liposome, mice, primates.

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