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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Research Article

Properties of Cell Sources in Tissue-Engineered Three-dimensional Oral Mucosa Model: A Review

Author(s): Nurul Hafizah Mohd. Nor, Zurairah Berahim, Azlina Ahmad and Thirumulu Ponnuraj Kannan

Volume 12 , Issue 1 , 2017

Page: [52 - 60] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/1574888X11666160817144642

Price: $65


Oral mucosa is a mucous membrane lining the oral cavity. Its main function is to protect the deeper structures against the external factors; thermal, chemical, mechanical and biological stimuli. Apart from that, it also plays a significant role during mastication, deglutition and speech. Some oral diseases or injuries to oral mucosa lead to impairment of the oral functions and aesthetics which eventually result in permanent defect of oral mucosa. In order to overcome this defect, different approaches for the development of reconstructed oral mucosa models have been employed including skin/autologous grafts, guided tissue replacement, vestibuloplasty etc. However, the finding of an acceptable source for the transplantations or autologous grafts seems a bit challenging. To overcome this problem, the development of oral mucosa using tissue engineering approach has been widely studied involving various cell lines from different sources. This paper aims to highlight various cell sources used in the development of tissueengineered oral mucosa models based on articles retrieved from PubMed and MEDLINE databases using the search terms “oral mucosa tissue engineering”, regardless of time when published.

Keywords: Oral mucosa model, tissue engineering, dental stem cells, cell sources, three-dimensional, co-culture.

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