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Current Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Review Article

The Synthesis of Coenzyme Q10

Author(s): Meng Luo, Xuan Yang, Jiaoyang Hu, Xin Ruan, Fansong Mu and Yujie Fu

Volume 21, Issue 6, 2017

Page: [489 - 502] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1385272820666160811123714

Price: $65


Much attention has been paid to coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) as a treatment for cardiovascular and neurological diseases because of the antioxidant activity since 1959. CoQ10 is non-toxic. It has a wide range of health effects and is a popular commercial supplement. Despite these advantages, CoQ10 faces synthetic challenges and low yield. The synthesis of CoQ10 is very difficult. Researchers have described several semi-synthetic strategies. This review offers a detailed discussion of recent advances in the semi-synthesis of CoQ10. Four strategies are presented including side chain direct introduction, side chain extension, carbon addition and Diels-Alder rearrangement. Most semi-synthetic strategies employ side chain extension to synthesize CoQ10 because it increases the stereoselectivity and coupling efficiency of the side chain configuration. Side chain extension greatly improves the utilization of solanesol and reduces cost. This article presents the latest details in CoQ10 synthesis.

Keywords: CoQ10, semi-synthesis, solanesol, side chain direct introduction, side chain extension, carbon addition, Diels-Alder rearrangement.

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