While in current years the association between psychiatry and psychotherapy has turned into a conflicting one, the swing of the pendulum toward biological psychiatry has led, in general, to a downgrading of psychotherapy within the realm of psychiatry. So, the question of whether or not psychiatrists should continue to learn and carry out psychotherapy is now a much discoursed topic in psychiatric groups. Encouragement of current psychiatrist residents, for using psychotherapy in the course of managing patients who are suffering from psychiatric complications, in the setting of present educational attitudes, though its exercise on the whole has an unpredictable state among specialists, has instigated essential modification in the modern academic national programs in different countries, involving developing societies. In the current paper the real situation and prospect of such a modification have been debated to realize that whether simple adding of a curriculum can respond appropriately to growing mental requirements of evolving cultures, and how the genuine exercise of organized and methodical approaches of psychological treatments by psychiatrists, besides official but frequently imperfect training in the course of scholastic programs, can be improved. Also, the rationality and attainability of such expectation have been talked over.
Keywords: Psychotherapy, psychotherapist, psychiatrist, psychoanalysis, psycho-dynamic psychotherapist, biological psychiatry.