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Current Organic Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1385-2728
ISSN (Online): 1875-5348

Research Article

Chemoselective Amination of β-Keto Amides

Author(s): Sho Hirai, Haruyasu Asahara and Nagatoshi Nishiwaki

Volume 20, Issue 27, 2016

Page: [2911 - 2916] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1385272820666160608101354

Price: $65

Abstract

Both carbonyl groups of a β-keto amide are highly activated by intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Hence, β-keto amides readily undergo amination, giving either β-aminobutenamides or N-substituted acetoacetamides. The chemoselectivity was influenced by the steric bulk of the keto amide or the amine: while amination at the ketone moiety predominated at low temperatures with less hindered substrates, amination at the amide moiety occurred at higher temperatures with sterically hindered substrates. In addition, a β-aminobutenamide with a bulky amino group was converted to an N-substituted acetoacetamide by simply heating to a high temperature. Based on the experimental results, as well as density functional theory (DFT) calculations, N-substituted acetoacetamides were more stable than β-aminobutenamides when the amino group is bulky. This reaction allows the direct synthesis of N-substituted acetoacetamides from N-unsubstituted acetoacetamides.

Keywords: β-Keto amide, chemoselective amination, intramolecular hydrogen bond, DFT calculation, β-aminobutenamide, N-substituted acetoacetamide.

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