Background: Health status is important for the all age groups particularly for the elderly who mostly suffer from chronic illnesses, progressive disabilities and ailments. Socio-economic status, however, has been known as a significant determinant for health of both communities and individuals. Indeed further information about the effects of socio-economic factors on the health of the elderly would be helpful for decision makers and decent resource allocation.
Methods: The current research is a cross-sectional one, which was carried-out in Tehran, Iran. We selected the participants randomly, and data were collected by questionnaire. We did internet and library searches in order to make and improve an appropriate questionnaire. In order to determine the content validity of questionnaire, we did the literature review as well as interviewed eight experts and professor of health care management. Questionnaires were distributed among 140 elderly who were older than 60 year and lived in nursing home and 280 elderly who had the same age criterion but lived with their families. SPSS software was used for data analysis.
Results: 406 out of 420 questionnaires were filled by participants, which presents 96.6% responsibility. Our data show a statistical significant correlation between socioeconomic status and mental, physical and social health.
Conclusion: According to the results, the elderly’s marital status, educational level, occupational type, and property ownership are affective on the all of physical, social and mental health status of the elderly.
Keywords: Mental, physical health and elderly, social, socioeconomic status.