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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Rutin as a Natural Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease: Insights into its Mechanisms of Action

Author(s): Solomon Habtemariam

Volume 23, Issue 9, 2016

Page: [860 - 873] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/0929867323666160217124333

Price: $65


Rutin (quercetin-3-O-rutinoside) is a multifunctional natural flavonoid glycoside with profound effects on the various cellular functions under pathological conditions. Due to the ability of rutin and/or its metabolites to cross the blood brain barrier, it has also been shown to modify the cognitive and various behavioral symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases. In this review, its therapeutic potential for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is evaluated through appraisal of current literatures relevant to the various cellular and molecular targets of the disease. Among the most relevant mechanisms involved are effect on amyloid beta (Aβ) processing, aggregation and action; alteration of the oxidant-antioxidant balance associated with neuronal cell loss; removing the inflammatory component of neurodegeneration, etc. The effect of rutin resulting from its physicochemical features related to effects like metal chelation and bioavailability are also discussed.

Keywords: Rutin, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, Alzheimer’s disease, neurodegeneration, amyloid-beta.

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