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Protein & Peptide Letters


ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Mechanism of a Mutation in Non-Structural Protein 1 Inducing High Pathogenicity of Avian Influenza Virus H5N1

Author(s): Yusuke S. Kato, Kiyoshi Fukui and Kazuo Suzuki

Volume 23, Issue 4, 2016

Page: [372 - 378] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/0929866523666160204124406

Price: $65


Avian influenza H5N1 has shown high mortality rate in human. Non-structural protein 1 (NS1) is a virulence factor of H5N1. Mutation at the 42nd residue within the RNA-binding domain (RBD) of NS1 dramatically changes the degree of pathogenicity of H5N1 in mice. We here studied the impact of this mutation on the function of RBD, and found that RBD with serine at the 42th residue binds double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), whereas that with proline at the 42th residue does not. Analysis of structural models of the RBD proteins with S42 and P42 suggested remarkable difference in the structure of the dsRNA-binding interface, whereas structural analysis by analytical gel filtration and CD measurements did not indicate difference between those RBD proteins. Our results suggest that the single amino acid replacement induces a minor, but global structural change leading to the loss of function of NS1 thereby the change in the degree of pathogenicity.

Keywords: Avian Influenza (H5N1), Cytokine storm, Double-stranded RNA, Interaction, Non-structural protein 1, Structure modeling.

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