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Current Bioinformatics


ISSN (Print): 1574-8936
ISSN (Online): 2212-392X

Advances on Computational Methods for Identifying the Targets of microRNAs: A Review

Author(s): Pengjuan Zhang and Chenghua Li

Volume 11, Issue 3, 2016

Page: [304 - 309] Pages: 6

DOI: 10.2174/1574893611666160114235726

Price: $65


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate cellular functions by finely controlling the transcription and translation efficiency of their targets. Understanding the functions of miRNAs entails predicting the targets of miRNAs and dissecting the miRNA–messenger RNA regulatory network. An increasing number of computational methods for rapidly screening miRNA potential targets have been developed with the increased demand for the identification of miRNA targets. Improvements in current bioinformatics methods allow the efficient identification of miRNA targets. This review describes the progress in the prediction and identification of miRNA targets. It also discusses the remaining challenges and provides insights on future directions.

Keywords: MicroRNA, target identification, computational method.

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