Generic placeholder image

Current Drug Metabolism


ISSN (Print): 1389-2002
ISSN (Online): 1875-5453

Propionibacterium acnes in the Pathogenesis and Immunotherapy of Acne Vulgaris

Author(s): Pei-Feng Liu, Yao-Dung Hsieh, Ya-Ching Lin, Aimee Two, Chih-Wen Shu and Chun-Ming Huang

Volume 16, Issue 4, 2015

Page: [245 - 254] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1389200216666150812124801

Price: $65


Acne vulgaris, a multi-factorial disease, is one of the most common skin diseases, affecting an estimated 80% of Americans at some point during their lives. The gram-positive and anaerobic Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacterium has been implicated in acne inflammation and pathogenesis. Therapies for acne vulgaris using antibiotics generally lack bacterial specificity, promote the generation of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains, and cause adverse effects. Immunotherapy against P. acnes or its antigens (sialidase and CAMP factor) has been demonstrated to be effective in mice, attenuating P. acnes-induced inflammation; thus, this method may be applied to develop a potential vaccine targeting P. acnes for acne vulgaris treatment. This review summarizes reports describing the role of P. acnes in the pathogenesis of acne and various immunotherapy-based approaches targeting P. acnes, suggesting the potential effectiveness of immunotherapy for acne vulgaris as well as P. acnes-associated diseases.

Keywords: Acne vulgaris, Immunotherapy, Propionibacterium acnes.

Rights & Permissions Print Cite
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy