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Current Bioactive Compounds


ISSN (Print): 1573-4072
ISSN (Online): 1875-6646

Biological Activity of Some Volatile Diterpenoids

Author(s): Dubravka Stanetic and Gerhard Buchbauer

Volume 11, Issue 1, 2015

Page: [38 - 48] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/157340721101150804150419

Price: $65


The aim of this literature review is to investigate if volatile diterpenoids, a small group of compounds, found in some essential oils, have any of the various biological activities which are generally attributed to essential oils. The importance to emphasize is the fact, that in nature, the number of volatile and bio-active diterpenoids is very small. Different plant families have been investigated and their essential oils have been distilled, compounds were isolated and then analyzed. Almost all isolated diterpenoids showed to have cytotoxic, antioxidant or antimicrobial activities alone or more often in synergism with other essential oil compounds. For example labdane-type and abietane-type diterpenes have shown cytotoxicity against tumor cells and abietane-like compounds play an important role as antioxidants. For each isolated class of diterpenoids one or more biological activities can be observed.

Keywords: Biological properties, biosynthesis, essential oils, volatile diterpenoids.

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