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Current Neurovascular Research

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Etanercept Improves Cognitive Performance and Increases eNOS and BDNF Expression During Experimental Vascular Dementia in Streptozotocin- induced Diabetes

Author(s): Tijen Utkan, Yusufhan Yazir, Ayse Karson and Dilek Bayramgurler

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2015

Page: [135 - 146] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/1567202612666150311111340

Price: $65

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is related to an increase in the incidence of vascular dementia. Inflammation is an important cause of endothelial dysfunction and cognitive deficits. The anti -tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α fusion protein etanercept has been reported to exhibit memory-enhancing effects and endothelial protection. We tested the effect of etanercept on the cognitive endpoints and compared it with the cognitive dysfunction in streptozotocin (STZ )- induced DM rats by using the Morris water maze test (MWMT) and passive avoidance test (PAT). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), thoracic endothelial function, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression, and hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression were assessed. Thirty days after the induction of DM, rats exhibited severe learning and memory deficits associated with endothelial dysfunction and decreased expression of eNOS and BDNF. Chronic treatment with etanercept (0.8 mg/kg, s.c., every week for 30 days) improved cognitive performance, endothelial function, and expression of eNOS and BDNF in DM rats. Furthermore, the memory-improving effects of etanercept were independent of hyperglycemia. These data suggest that etanercept treatment prevents changes in endothelial function, eNOS expression, and hippocampal expression of BDNF and, consequently, vascular dementia in DM rats.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, learning, memory, water maze, passive avoidance, rat.


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