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Current Neurovascular Research

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1567-2026
ISSN (Online): 1875-5739

Low Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate is Associated with High Recurrence Rate and Poor Prognosis of Hemorrhage Stroke

Author(s): Sun Kai, Qu Jiaoyan, Song Weihua, Zhang Yinhui, Zhang Channa, Song Li, Song Yan, Hui Rutai and Chen Jingzhou

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2015

Page: [109 - 119] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/1567202612666150305110709

Price: $65

Abstract

This study investigated whether a low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) leads to a higher risk of stroke recurrence and a poor prognosis in hemorrhagic stroke patients. A total of 2000 stroke patients were recruited during 2000-2001 and prospectively followed up for a median of 4.5 years. The independent association of a low eGFR with stroke recurrence and poor prognosis was evaluated using Kaplan–Meier analysis and Cox regression models. Among the hemorrhagic stroke patients, the incidence rate of a low eGFR for the compound endpoints (stroke recurrence, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality) was greater than that of a normal eGFR (P=0.012). A similar result was observed for the incidence rate of recurrence and death caused by cardiovascular disease or stroke (Csdeath) (P=0.013, and P=0.001, respectively). After adjustment for age, sex, and other cardiovascular risk factors, a low eGFR was associated with a 2.93-fold increased risk of the compound endpoints (P=0.001, RR=2.93, 95% CI=1.58-5.43), 3.06-fold increased risk of recurrent stroke (P=0.003, RR=3.06, 95% CI=1.46-6.40), and 3.57-fold increased risk of Csdeath (P=0.005, RR=3.57, 95% CI=1.46-8.70) among hemorrhagic stroke patients. Among the hemorrhagic stroke patients, a low eGFR was a strong predictor of stroke recurrence and a poor prognosis.

Keywords: Estimated glomerular filtration rate, stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, mortality, risk factors, prognosis.


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