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Protein & Peptide Letters


ISSN (Print): 0929-8665
ISSN (Online): 1875-5305

Development of a Norovirus P Particle Platform for Eliciting Neutralizing Antibody Responses to the Membrane Proximal External Region of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope

Author(s): Yang Zang, Jinpeng Bi, Dongchuan Du, Xintao Liu, Yan Zhang, Weiheng Su, Jiaxin Wu, Yaming Shan, Song Wang, Wei Kong, Aidong Qiu and Chunlai Jiang

Volume 21 , Issue 12 , 2014

Page: [1230 - 1239] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/0929866521666140616120955

Price: $65


Eliciting efficient broadly neutralizing antibodies (BnAbs) is an important goal that has yet to be achieved for human immunodeficiency type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine development, although they are rarely produced in virus-infected individuals. In particular, inducing specific neutralizing antibodies to the gp41 membrane proximal external region (MPER) has proven a difficult task. In this study, we introduce Norovirus P particles as a new platform to display the MPER epitope of HIV-1 as a vaccine with the aim of enhancing immune responses. The results showed that HIV-1 chimeric P particles were capable of inducing MPER-specific antibody responses in immunized guinea pigs, although only weakly neutralizing activity could be detected. These findings are consistent with other previous studies which have also focused on the well-studied 2F5 and 4E10 BnAbs. Our findings provide an alternate strategy for design of vaccines against HIV-1. However, great challenges remain in the effort to develop vaccines that can induce efficient HIV-1 neutralizing antibodies.

Keywords: Broadly neutralizing antibody, guinea pig, HIV-1, MPER, norovirus P particles, vaccine.

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