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Current Microwave Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 2213-3356
ISSN (Online): 2213-3364

aza-Michael Addition of Primary Amines by Lipases and Microwave Irradiation: A Green Protocol for the Synthesis of Propanenitrile Derivatives

Author(s): Yara Jaqueline Kerber Araujo and Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto

Volume 1, Issue 2, 2014

Page: [87 - 93] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/2213335601666140610201546


In this study aza-Michael addition reactions were used as a Green chemistry protocol to synthesize propanenitrile derivatives. The reactions were performed in both presence and absence of lipases, under orbital shaking and microwave irradiation, using water as a protic solvent and hexane as an aprotic solvent. aza-Michael adducts were synthesized with acceptable yields, under microwave irradiation and water as solvent in the presence of lipase from Candida antarctica in a very short period of time (30 s). The study shows that lipases can be used as a microwave reactor to significantly reduce the reaction time so that yields similar to those of orbital shaking can be obtained.

Keywords: Acrylonitrile, amines, biocatalysis, Candida antarctica, catalysts, lipases, michael addition, microwave irradiation, nitriles, orbital shaker, solvent, water.

Graphical Abstract

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