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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase as a Target in Inflammation- Related Disorders

Author(s): Fabrizio Montecucco, Michele Cea, Antonia Cagnetta, Patrizia Damonte, Aimable Nahimana, Alberto Ballestrero, Alberto Del Rio, Santina Bruzzone and Alessio Nencioni

Volume 13 , Issue 23 , 2013

Page: [2930 - 2938] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/15680266113136660208

Price: $65


NAD+ biosynthesis through nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) holds potential as a target for the treatment of inflammatory disorders due to NAD+’s role in immune cell signaling and metabolism. In addition to its activity as an enzyme, NAMPT is also secreted in the extracellular space where it acts as a pro-inflammatory and proangiogenic cytokine. NAMPT inhibition with FK866 has anti-inflammatory activity in different models of immune disorders and it prevents ischemia-reperfusion-induced heart damage by dampening the production of neutrophil chemoattractants. NAMPT blockade with a neutralizing antibody has beneficial effects in an acute lung injury model. Last, but not least, the anticancer activity of NAMPT inhibitors may also reflect, at least in part, their ability to modify the cancer microenvironment through their anti-inflammatory properties. Overall, NAMPT inhibition holds potential for the treatment of inflammation-related disorders and the development of effective and safe NAMPT inhibitors remains an area of strong interest in pharmaceutical research.

Keywords: CD38, chemical inhibitors, inflammation, NAD+, NAMPT, PARP, sirtuins.

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