Azo prodrugs of aminosalicylates viz: 5-aminosalicylic acid and 4-aminosalicylic acid were synthesised using phenols as colon- targeting carriers for management of inflammatory bowel disease. The structures were confirmed by spectral and elemental analysis. These azo- linked prodrugs showed increased hydrophilicity which prevented their absorption from the upper GIT thus delivering them intact to the colon. They were also seen to be stable in stomach and intestinal homogenates, showing minimal release. Activation of prodrugs was faster in cecal matter showing upto 96-98% release with prolonged half lives. Amongst the azo series; 5-Aβ and 4-Ares significantly attenuated the symptoms of colitis induced by TNBS but their overall efficacy was less than SLZ. Safety assessment revealed absence of any abnormalities in hepatic and pancreas morphology with significantly low ulcerogenic propensity.
Keywords: Aminosalicylates, azo linkage, colon-targeting, IBD, phenols, prodrug, TNBS.