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Current Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Is the Expression of Deoxynucleoside Kinases and 5'-nucleotidases in Animal Tissues Related to the Biological Effects of Nucleoside Analogs?

Author(s): Staffan Eriksson

Volume 20, Issue 34, 2013

Page: [4241 - 4248] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/0929867311320340004

Price: $65


Nucleoside analogs serve as important chemotherapeutic agents in a number of severe diseases such as cancer and viral infections. These agents are pro-drugs that have to be taken up and phosphorylated in several steps to be trapped in the cells and transformed to active metabolites that inhibit essential steps in the replication of viruses or malignant cells. The anabolic deoxynucleoside kinases (dNKs) and catabolic 5'-nucleotidases(5'-NTs) are involved in maintaining substrate cycles, and act as regulators for the intracellular pools of active nucleotide metabolites. In this chapter the expression patterns of the four dNKs i.e.cytosolic deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) and the mitochondrial thymidine kinase 2 (TK2) and deoxyguanosine kinase (dGK) as well as the six intracellular 5'-NTs: cN-IA, cN-IB, cN-II, cN-III, cdN, mdN, present in animal cells and tissues will be described. Their role as primary controllers of the accumulation and activation of important anti viral and anti cancer nucleoside analogs in different tissues involved in the pathophysiology of these diseases will be evaluated. The predictability of using the ratios between the activities of the dNKs and 5'-NTs for estimating efficacy and side effects of nucleoside drug candidates will be discussed as well as recommendations on how to use this information to improve future therapies with nucleoside drugs.

Keywords: Nucleoside analogs, deoxynucleoside kinases, 5’-nucleotidases, cell culture models, tissues extracts, efficacy, toxicity.

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