Sudan dyes are toxic or carcinogenic even at low concentrations, which are illegally used as additives in food products to maintain their red color and thus stimulate sales of these products in the market recently. A facile adsorption procedure for the removal of Sudan I and II in n-hexane using oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (O-MWCNTs) is presented in this paper. The effect of absorption conditions including absorption time, amount of adsorbent, initial concentration of Sudan I and II was examined. Two isotherm models were used to describe the adsorption equilibrium, while three kinetic models were applied to evaluate the adsorption process. The adsorption process and equilibrium for Sudan I and II were all proved to be fitted by the Langmuir model and second-order kinetic model. The O-MWCNTs possessed fast kinetics for Sudan I and II from n-hexane solvent with each saturation time of <30 min, and correspondingly the maximum adsorption capacities for Sudan I and II were 41.408 mg/g and 47.037 mg/g, respectively.
Keywords: Sudan dyes, adsorption, oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes, isotherms, kinetics.