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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Antimicrobials Targeted to the Replication-Specific DNA Polymerases of Gram-Positive Bacteria: Target Potential of dnaE

Author(s): Marjorie H. Barnes, Michelle M. Butler, George E. Wright and Neal C. Brown

Volume 12, Issue 5, 2012

Page: [327 - 331] Pages: 5

DOI: 10.2174/187152612804142279

Price: $65

Abstract

DNA polymerases pol IIIC and dnaE [i.e. pol IIIE] are essential for replicative DNA synthesis in low G:C Gram-positive eubacteria. Therefore, they have strong potential as targets for development of Gram-positive-selective antibacterial agents. This work has sought to extend to dnaE the recent discovery of antimicrobial agents based on pol IIICspecific dGTP analogs. Compound 324C, a member of the same dGTP analog family, was found to be a potent and selective inhibitor of isolated dnaE in vitro. Surprisingly, 324C had no inhibitory effect in either intact Bacillus subtilis cells or in permeabilized cell preparations used to assess replicative DNA synthesis directly. It is proposed that the failure of 324C in the intact cell is a consequence of two major factors: (i) its template-dependent base pairing mechanism, and (ii) a specific subordinate role which dnaE apparently plays to pol IIIC. To generate an effective dnaE-selective inhibitor of replicative DNA synthesis in Gram-positive bacteria, it will likely be necessary to develop a molecule that attacks the enzyme’s active site directly, without binding to template DNA.

Keywords: Antibacterials, DNA replication, A form DNA, B form DNA, dnaE, pol IIIC, antimicrobial agents, Gram-positive bacteria, Chromosome, antimicrobials, dimethyl sulfoxide, isogenic derivative, Gram-positive-selective antimicrobials, dimethyl sulfoxide


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