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Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture


ISSN (Print): 2212-7984
ISSN (Online): 1876-1429

Lipids in the Diet and the Fatty Acid Profile in Beef: A Review and Recent Patents on the Topic

Author(s): Marcio M. Ladeira, Otavio R. Machado Neto, Mario L. Chizzotti, Dalton M. Oliveira and Antonio Chalfun Junior

Volume 4, Issue 2, 2012

Page: [123 - 133] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/2212798411204020123

Price: $65


The objective of this review is to report how the use of lipid sources in diets for ruminants can affect the fatty acid profile of beef. In addition, recent patents that can be utilized to alter the fatty acid profile in the meat, or which concern the synthesis of conjugated fatty acids will be reviewed. The industrial production of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has already started and the commercial products present isomers cis-9, trans-11; trans-9, cis-11; and trans-10, cis-12. Patents on the biological synthesis of isomer C18:2 cis-9, trans-11 from the linoleic acid have also been published. However, the economic production of CLA in industrial scale is a difficult process. Most of the patents published for CLA production utilize bacteria of the genera Bifidobacterium sp. and Propionibacterium sp. Lipid supplementation, with the objective to improve the fatty acid profile of beef, can be done through the use of patented products, such as genetically modified oilseeds and calcium soaps of fatty acids.

Keywords: Biohydrogenation, conjugated linoleic acid, meat quality, nutrigenomics, oilseeds, rumen, calcium soaps, Ruminal biohydrogenation

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