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Current Cancer Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1568-0096
ISSN (Online): 1873-5576

Pioglitazone Prevents Smoking Carcinogen-Induced Lung Tumor Development in Mice

Author(s): M. -Y. Li, A. W.Y. Kong, H. Yuan, L. T. Ma, M. K.Y. Hsin, I. Y.P. Wan, M. J. Underwood and G. G. Chen

Volume 12, Issue 6, 2012

Page: [597 - 606] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/156800912801784848

Price: $65


Pioglitazone (PGZ), a synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) ligand, is known to have anti-tumor activity by inducing tumor cell apoptosis. However, it is unknown whether it can be used to prevent smoking carcinogen-induced lung tumor development. We induced mouse lung tumors using smoking carcinogen 4- methylnitrosamino-l-3-pyridyl-butanone (NNK). PGZ was given at two early stages before the tumor formation. The role and the functional mechanism of PGZ were investigated in the development of mouse pulmonary tumors. The tumor development was monitored and PPARγ activity and endogenous PPARγ ligands 15(S)-HETE, 13(S)-HODE were determined. The application of PGZ before alveolar hyperplasia formation (Group NPa) and at the early phase of alveolar hyperplasia formation (Group NPb) significantly prevented the lung tumor development especially in Group NPb mice (all p<0.05). PGZ not only prevented the NNK-mediated reduction of endogenous ligands 15(S)-HETE and 13(S)-HODE, but also increased 13(S)-HODE level in Group NPb mice. PPARγ transcriptional activity was increased in NNKstimulated lung tissues when PGZ was given. The in vivo results were confirmed in the human lung cancer cells, which showed that PGZ induced lung cancer cell apoptosis through up-regulating nuclear PPARγ expression, inducing PPARγ transcriptional activity and increasing the levels of PPARγ ligands in NNK-treated cells. The early application of PGZ is able to prevent NNK-induced lung tumor development through maintaining the level of endogenous PPARγ ligands 15(S)-HETE and 13(S)-HODE and activation of PPARγ.

Keywords: Lung tumor development, pioglitazone, PPARγ, 15(S)-HETE, 13(S)-HODE, smoking carcinogen NNK, thiazolidinediones, troglitazone, PPARγ coactivator-1 alpha, 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, PPARγ coactivator-1 alpha

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