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Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Mathematical Models of Behavior of Individual Animals

Author(s): Vladimir L. Tsibulsky and Andrew B. Norman

Volume 13, Issue 15, 2007

Page: [1571 - 1595] Pages: 25

DOI: 10.2174/138161207780765873

Price: $65


This review is focused on mathematical modeling of behaviors of a whole organism with special emphasis on models with a clearly scientific approach to the problem that helps to understand the mechanisms underlying behavior. The aim is to provide an overview of old and contemporary mathematical models without complex mathematical details. Only deterministic and stochastic, but not statistical models are reviewed. All mathematical models of behavior can be divided into two main classes. First, models that are based on the principle of teleological determinism assume that subjects choose the behavior that will lead them to a better payoff in the future. Examples are game theories and operant behavior models both of which are based on the matching law. The second class of models are based on the principle of causal determinism, which assume that subjects do not choose from a set of possibilities but rather are compelled to perform a predetermined behavior in response to specific stimuli. Examples are perception and discrimination models, drug effects models and individual-based population models. A brief overview of the utility of each mathematical model is provided for each section.

Keywords: weber-fechners law, kakutani fixed point theorem, game theory, iterated prisoners dilemma, melioration theory, reinforcement

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