Currently there is great interest in graphene-based devices and applications. The main advantages of graphene include excellent conductive and mechanical properties. The applications of graphene cover a wide range of possibilities, from next-generation transistors to light-weight, high-strength composite materials. However, commercial use of graphene will depend on the development of an industrially-viable method of fabricating and handling graphene. The recent advances in manipulating graphene and patents will be reviewed with a focus on the progress of graphene nanoparticle synthesis and applications.