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Current HIV Research


ISSN (Print): 1570-162X
ISSN (Online): 1873-4251

Better CD4+ T Cell Recovery in Brazilian HIV-Infected Individuals Under HAART Due to Cumulative Carriage of SDF-1-3A, CCR2-V64I, CCR5- D32 and CCR5-Promoter 59029A/G Polymorphisms

Author(s): Paula O. Rigato, Marisa A. Hong, Jorge Casseb, Mirthes Ueda, Isac de Castro, Gil Benard and Alberto J.S. Duarte

Volume 6, Issue 5, 2008

Page: [466 - 473] Pages: 8

DOI: 10.2174/157016208785861131

Price: $65


Polymorphisms of chemokines and chemokine-receptors genes have been shown to influence the rate of progression to AIDS; however, their influence on response to HAART remains unclear. We investigated the frequency of the SDF-1-3A, CCR2-64I, CCR5-D32 and CCR5-Promoter-59029-A/G polymorphisms in Brazilian HIV-1-infected and uninfected individuals and their influence on CD4+ T-cell evolution HIV-1 infected individuals before and during HAART. Polymorphism detection was done in a transversal study of 200 HIV-1-infected and 82 uninfected individuals. The rate of CD4+ T cell increase or decrease was studied in a cohort of 155 HIV-1 infected individuals on pre and post-HAART. Polymorphisms were determined by PCR associated with RFLP. The rate of CD4+ T-cell decline or increase was also determined. HIV-1 infected and uninfected subjects showed, respectively, frequencies of 0.193 and 0.220 for SDF-1-3A, of 0.140 and 0.110 for CCR2-V64I, of 0.038 and 0.055 for CCR5-D32, and of 0.442 and 0.390 for CCR5-P-59029-A/G. HIV-1-infected subjects carrying one, two or three of these four polymorphisms showed better CD4+ T-cell recovery than HIV-1-infected subjects carrying the four wild-type alleles (+2.7, +1.6, +3.5, and -0.9 lymphocytes/μl/month, respectively). Regression logistic analysis showed that the CCR5-D32/CCR2-V64I association was predictor of positive CD4+ T cell slope after HAART. The distribution of polymorphisms did not differ between HIV-1-infected and uninfected individuals, but differed from more homogenous ethnic groups probably reflecting the miscegenation of the Brazilian population. We add further evidence of the role of these polymorphisms by showing that the CD4 gain was influenced by carriage of one or more of the polymorphisms studied here. These results highlight the possibility that these genetic traits can be useful to identify patients at risk for faster progression to AIDS or therapeutic failure.

Keywords: HIV-1, CCR5-D32, SDF-1-3'A, CCR2-V64I, CCR5-PROMOTER-59029A/G, Polymorphisms, Chemokine receptors

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