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Current Radiopharmaceuticals

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1874-4710
ISSN (Online): 1874-4729

Radiosynthesis and Evaluation in Monkey of Three 11C-Labeled 1,5-Diarylpyrazoles as High Potency Candidate PET Radioligands for Cannabinoid Subtype-1 Receptors in Brain

Author(s): Sean R. Donohue, Sami S. Zoghbi, Fumihiko Yasuno, Garth Terry, Jonathan P. Gourley, Robert B. Innis, Christer Halldin and Victor W. Pike

Volume 1, Issue 2, 2008

Page: [93 - 102] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1874471010801020093

Price: $65

Abstract

There is strong interest in clinical research to be able to study cannabinoid subtype-1 (CB1) receptors in living human brain with positron emission tomography (PET). Here, we aimed to prepare and compare in monkey three structurally-related high potency candidate PET radioligands for CB1 receptors based on the 1,5-diarylpyrazole platform, namely [O-methyl-11C][N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4- methoxyphenyl)-1-(2-bromophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide] ([11C]4), its 2-chloro analog ([11C]NIDA 41087, [11C]3), and its 4-cyano analog ([11C]JHU75575, [11C]5). Each radioligand was prepared by treatment of its O-desmethyl precursor with [11C]iodomethane and purified by HPLC. After intravenous injection of [11C]3, [11C]4 or [11C]5 into rhesus monkey, PET showed that brain uptake of radioactivity distributed according to the rank order of known CB1 receptor densities. Thereafter, radioactivity in all regions increased for [11C]3 and [11C]4, but declined for [11C]5, to the end of scanning (120 min after injection). Under conditions in which CB1 receptors were pre-blocked with a selective inverse agonist, initial brain uptakes of radioactivity for each radioligand were higher than under baseline conditions and for [11C]3 and [11C]4 were followed by rapid decreases to a plateau level whereas [11C]5 declined continuously. Radio-HPLC of plasma showed that each radioligand was rapidly metabolized. Although [11C]3 and [11C]4 gave some CB1 receptor- specific signals in monkey brain, these are probably contaminated with brain-penetrating radiometabolite(s). In contrast, [11C]5 gives an appreciable CB1 receptor-specific signal with a fast washout of non-specific binding.

Keywords: CB1 Receptor, PET, 1,5-Diarylpyrazole, Carbon-11, NIDA 41087, Rimonabant, JHU75575


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