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Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1573-4064
ISSN (Online): 1875-6638

Antibacterial Activity of Thyme and Lavender Essential Oils

Author(s): Monika Sienkiewicz, Monika Lysakowska, Julita Ciecwierz, Pawel Denys and Edward Kowalczyk

Volume 7, Issue 6, 2011

Page: [674 - 689] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/157340611797928488

Price: $65


Strong antiseptic activity of essential oils has been known for a long time. The antibacterial activity of oils was tested against clinical bacterial strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia and Pseudomonas genera. The agar diffusion method was used for microbial growth inhibition at various concentrations of the oils from T. vulgaris and L. angustifolia. Susceptibility testing to antibiotics and chemotherapeutics was carried out using disc-diffusion method. 120 strains of bacteria isolated from patients with infections of oral cavity, respiratory, genitourinary tracts and from hospital environment were investigated. The results of experiments showed that the oil from T. vulgaris exhibited extremely strong activity against all of the clinical strains. Thyme oil demonstrated a good efficacy against antibiotics resistant strains of the tested bacteria. Lavender oil has been less activity against clinical strains of Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Escherichia genus. The worst results have been observed against all strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Keywords: Antibacterial activity, lavender oil, multiresistant strains, thyme oil., Strong antiseptic activity, Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Pseudomonas genera, microbial growth

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