Four compounds (isoquercitrin, myricetin-3-O-glucoside, catechin and gallocatechin) were isolated from lyophilized aqueous extract of Schizolobium parahyba leaves by chromatography on Sephadex LH-20, followed by semipreparative HPLC using a C-18 column, and identified by 1H and 13C NMR. The compounds were then, tested against hemorrhagic and fibrinogenolytic activities of Bothrops crude venoms and isolated metalloproteinases. The inhibitors neutralized the biological and enzymatic activities of Bothrops venoms and toxins isolated from B. jararacussu and B. neuwiedi venoms. The results showed that gallocatechin and myricetin-3-O-glucoside are good inhibitors of hemorrhagic and fibrinogenolytic activities of metalloproteinases, respectively. Gallocatechin also inhibited the myotoxic activity of both B. alternatus venom and BnSP-6 (Lys49 PhospholipaseA2 from B. neuwiedi). Circular dichroism and docking simulation studies were performed in order to investigate the possible interaction between BnSP-6 and gallocatechin. This is the first time these compounds and their anti-ophidian properties are reported for S. parahyba species. Forthcoming studies involving X-ray co-crystallization, will be of great importance for the development of new therapeutic agents for the treatment of ophidian accidents and for the better understanding of the structure/function relationship of venom toxins.
Keywords: Schizolobium parahyba, medicinal plant, flavonoids, snake venoms, metalloproteinases, myotoxin, gallocatechin, isoquercitrin, lyophilizedaqueous extract of Schizolobium parahyba leaves, HPLC