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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Policies to Prevent Tobacco Use and Exposure in Children, a Global Perspective

Author(s): Paola Morello

Volume 7, Issue 2, 2011

Page: [97 - 106] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/157339611795735639

Price: $65

Abstract

Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease worldwide. In this article I briefly review the extent of the problem highlighting current policies that are effective in its control. I provide information on prevalence of tobacco use and tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) among children and adolescents worldwide along with mortality data and economic data. I summarize the public policies that have been shown to be effective in reducing tobacco initiation and TSE in children using as a framework the MPOWER recommendations from the World Health Organization (WHO). I review each one of these policies – monitoring, smoke-free environments, treatment of tobacco dependence, health warnings on packages, bans on advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and tobacco taxation- and explain how they can prevent smoking among children and adolescents and their exposure to tobacco smoke. Finally, I discuss the role of the pediatrician in understanding these policies and help in their implementation.

Keywords: Adolescents, children, cigarettes, pediatricians, public policies, smoking prevention, tobacco


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