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Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1570-193X
ISSN (Online): 1875-6298

Can Neutral Liposomes be Considered as Genetic Material Carriers for Human Gene Therapy?

Author(s): P. Bruni, O. Francescangeli, M. Marini, G. Mobbili, M. Pisani and A. Smorlesi

Volume 8, Issue 1, 2011

Page: [38 - 48] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/157019311793979891

Price: $65


Among the synthetic vectors exploitable in Human Gene Therapy (HGT), complexes of DNA with cationic liposomes (lipoplexes) are considered the best candidates. Some degree of cytotoxicity and a limited stability on serum are still limiting factors for applications in vivo. On the contrary the corresponding complexes of neutral liposomes are enough stable and non toxic. This review has the aim to offer a survey of existing data, namely structural properties, on neutral liposomes from the point of view of HGT; and to compare, whenever possible, the different features of the two classes of compounds. The outlook is that in near future neutral liposomes could behave as efficient and safe vectors of genetic material.

Keywords: Gene Therapy, DNA, Liposomes, Complexes, Metal ions, X-ray, Human Gene Therapy, HGT, mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, cationic liposomes, lipoplexes, neutral liposomes, DOTMA, DOPE, protein kinase C, oleoyl ornithinate, OLON, DOTAP, poliovirus, Simian virus, large unilamellar vesicles, phosphatydilserine, phosphatidylcholine, PEG, phosphatidylethanolamine, DOPC, DOPC-DOPE, DOPC-DOPE-cholesterol, SAXS, X-ray scattering, WAXS, DPPC, DLPC, Energy Dispersion X-ray Diffraction, EDXD, O-ethylphosphatidylcholine, DNA-DOTAP, DMPC

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