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Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1568-0266
ISSN (Online): 1873-4294

Brain Oxidative Stress - Analytical Chemistry and Thermodynamics of Glutathione and NADPH

Author(s): James D. Adams, Lori K. Klaidman, Mei Ling Chang and Jun Yang

Volume 1, Issue 6, 2001

Page: [473 - 482] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1568026013394778

Price: $65


Oxidative stress occurs in the brain due to stroke, Parkinsons disease, Alzheimers disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, trauma, aging and other conditions. Analysis of the effects of oxidative stress can involve quantitation of brain GSH, GSSG, NADPH and NADP. Reliable and rapid assays have been developed for these compounds and will be presented in detail. The assays have been used to analyze the effects of brain oxidative stress. Thermodynamic calculations can be performed to find the observed electrochemical potentials of the GSSG/GSH and the NADP/NADPH couples during oxidative stress. The biochemical consequences of these thermodynamic changes in the cell will be discussed as well as the defense mechanisms available to the cell to recover from oxidative stress.

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