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Current Pediatric Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3963
ISSN (Online): 1875-6336

Medical Music Therapy Based on Baby Science (Baby-Science-Based Music Therapy) and Assistive Technology for Children

Author(s): Tohshin Go

Volume 3, Issue 3, 2007

Page: [198 - 206] Pages: 9

DOI: 10.2174/157339607781369573

Price: $65

Abstract

Music is a good tool to communicate with children no matter what kinds of disorders they have because therapists can interact with them via music and musical instruments without using a single word. Verbal and physical abilities are limited in patients who are physically, cognitively, and socially disabled. Babies also have a similar limitation. Baby science is interdisciplinary research investigating how infants understand and communicate with the surrounding world. Therefore, medical music therapy based on baby science (baby-science-based music therapy) is useful in the rehabilitation of patients with various neuromuscular and developmental disorders to maintain, restore, and develop their physical, cognitive, social, and communicative abilities. Basic concepts and their application methods are as follows: imitation (neonatal oral imitation and higher imitation), integration of crossmodal sensation, rhythm, language, attention, and habituation and dishabituation. To improve the quality of life of patients with severe motor disability and massive involuntary movements, a special music keyboard connected to switch devices (micro switches for Duchenne muscular dystrophy and spastic cerebral palsy, and push-button switches for Rett syndrome and athetoid cerebral palsy) has been developed. This assistive technology enables patients to play music and participate in social activities even in the advanced stage of their diseases.

Keywords: Music therapy, baby science, developmental disorder, neuromuscular disorder, assistive technology, infant studies


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