When the nanostructured materials were used as heterogeneous catalysts by comparing with traditional powder catalysts, the nanostructured materials exhibited special properties of nanoparticles and new effects caused by nanostructured combination, with many unmatchable improvements in the aspects of size, shape, surface structure, numbers of reaction active sites, catalytic selectivity and so on. Because of those advantages, the nanostructured materials have great potential application in the field of heterogeneous catalysis and have become the hotspot of materials science in the area of heterogeneous catalysis gradually. In this paper, the advantages of nanostructured materials for heterogeneous catalysis were concisely summarized; the nanostructured materials, which included supported nanostructured catalysts and non-supported nanostructured catalysts, were discussed as an emphasis in application of heterogeneous catalysis. Finally, the development trends of nanostructured catalysts were indicated.
Keywords: Nanostructured materials, heterogeneous catalysis, catalytic property, application, novel effects, nanostructured catalysts, active sites, improvements, supported nanostructured catalysts, non-supported nanostructured catalysts, synthesis technology