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Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry


ISSN (Print): 1871-5206
ISSN (Online): 1875-5992

Perspectives for Novel Mixed Diruthenium-Organic Drugs as Metallopharmaceuticals in Cancer Therapy

Author(s): Denise de Oliveira Silva

Volume 10, Issue 4, 2010

Page: [312 - 323] Pages: 12

DOI: 10.2174/187152010791162333

Price: $65


Ruthenium compounds have been actively studied as metallodrugs for cancer therapy. Representatives of ruthenium-based antitumor drugs are the classes of ruthenium(III)-chlorido-(N-ligand) complexes, including the drugs namely NAMI-A and KP1019 in clinical trials, and ruthenium(II)-arene organometallics, with some compounds currently undergoing advanced preclinical testing. An alternative approach for tumor-inhibiting metallodrugs is the coordination of metal ions to organic pharmaceuticals. The combination of antitumor-active ruthenium ion with biologically-active pro-ligands in single compounds can result in the enhancement of activity, for example through synergistic effects. In the present article, some developments in the ruthenium-based antitumor drugs field are briefly highlighted and recent studies on mixed diruthenium-organic drugs as metallopharmaceuticals in cancer therapy are described. Novel organic pharmaceuticals-containing diruthenium(II,III) complexes have shown promising antitumor activity for C6 rat glioma - a model for glioblastoma multiforme (GBA).

Keywords: Anticancer activity, antitumor metallodrugs, coordination compounds, glioma, medicinal chemistry, non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs, ruthenium compounds

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