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Current Molecular Medicine


ISSN (Print): 1566-5240
ISSN (Online): 1875-5666

Cardiac Biomarkers for the Prediction and Diagnosis of Atherosclerotic Disease and its Complications

Author(s): M. D. Weinberg, W. C. Hooper and G. Dangas

Volume 6, Issue 5, 2006

Page: [557 - 569] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/156652406778018608

Price: $65


Inflammation has been implicated in all stages of cardiovascular disease. This has driven a very fruitful search for new biomarkers, which potentially can be used as tools in the diagnosis and prognosis of atherothrombotic disease. While these new markers might prove useful in predicting the onset of atherosclerosis in healthy individuals, the utility of biomarkers in risk assessment for events in those patients with established disease and/or those with acute coronary syndrome requires further work. Effective biomarkers must be standardized, logistically simple to analyze, and clinically useful. Understanding what impact sex, age, ethnicity, and comorbid conditions may have on biomarkers is also of importance. Unfortunately, many of the candidate markers have yet to satisfy these requirements.

Keywords: Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), Homocysteine, Anti-Inflammatory Markers

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