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Anti-Inflammatory & Anti-Allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1871-5230
ISSN (Online): 1875-614X

Research Article

Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Potential of the New Tetrahydropyran Derivative (2s,6s)-6-ethyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran-2-yl) Methanol

Author(s): Gustavo Nunes de Santana Castro, Raquel do Nascimento de Souza, Alba Cenélia Matos da Silva, Roberto Laureano-Melo, Wellington da Silva Côrtes, Saulo Luis Capim, Mário Luiz Araujo de Almeida Vasconcellos and Bruno Guimarães Marinho*

Volume 23, Issue 2, 2024

Published on: 21 February, 2024

Page: [105 - 117] Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/0118715230282982240202052127

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: The development of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs plays a crucial role in modern medicine, aiming to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation in patients. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are groups of drugs conventionally used to treat pain and inflammation, but a wide range of adverse effects and ineffectiveness in some pathological conditions leads us to search for new drugs with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Objectives: In this regard, the authors intend to investigate the ((2s,6s)-6-ethyl-tetrahydro-2h-pyran- 2-yl) methanol compound (LS20) on pain and acute inflammation.

Methods: Male Swiss mice were evaluated using acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, formalin, and tail-flick as models of nociceptive evaluation and edema paw, air pouch and cell culture as models of inflammatory evaluation besides the rotarod test for assessment of motor impairment.

Results: The compound showed an effect on the acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, formalin and tail-flick tests. Studying the mechanism of action, reversion of the antinociceptive effect of the compound was observed from previous intraperitoneal administration of selective and non-selective opioid antagonists on the tail flick test. In addition, the compound induced an antiedematogenic effect and reduced leukocyte migration and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the air pouch model. LS20 was able to maintain cell viability, in addition to reducing cell production of TNF-α and IL-6.

Conclusion: In summary, the LS20 compound presented an antinociceptive effect, demonstrating the participation of the opioid system and an anti-inflammatory effect related to the inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokine production. The compound also demonstrated safety at the cellular level.

Keywords: Tetrahydropyran derivative, mice, antinociceptive effect, opioid system, cytokines, inflammation.

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