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Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy


ISSN (Print): 1574-888X
ISSN (Online): 2212-3946

Research Article

Bioinformatics-based Study on the Effects of Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells on the Aging Retina

Author(s): Ya-Hui Shi, Jun-Qi Li, Min-Xu, Yu-Ying Wang, Ting-Hua Wang*, Zhong-Fu Zuo* and Xue-Zheng Liu*

Volume 19, Issue 11, 2024

Published on: 09 January, 2024

Page: [1497 - 1513] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/011574888X277276231215110316

Price: $65


Background: Retinal aging is one of the common public health problems caused by population aging and has become an important cause of acquired vision loss in adults. The aim of this study was to determine the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) in delaying retinal ganglion cell (RGC) aging and part of the network of molecular mechanisms involved.

Methods: A retinal ganglion cell senescence model was established in vitro and treated with UCMSC. Successful establishment of the senescence system was demonstrated using β- galactosidase staining. The ameliorative effect of MSC on senescence was demonstrated using CCK8 cell viability and Annexin V-PI apoptosis staining. The relevant targets of RGC, MSC, and senescence were mainly obtained by searching the GeneCards database. The protein interaction network among the relevant targets was constructed using the String database and Cytoscape, and 10 key target genes were calculated based on the MCC algorithm, based on which Gene ontologies (GO) enrichment and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment were performed. Changes in relevant target genes were detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and the mechanism of action of UCMSC was determined by RNA interference.

Results: β-galactosidase staining showed that UCMSC significantly reduced the positive results of RGC. The retinal aging process was alleviated. The bioinformatics screen yielded 201 shared genes. 10 key genes were selected by the MCC algorithm, including vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), albumin (ALB), interleukin- 6 (IL6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), tumor protein P53 (TP53), insulin (INS), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), epidermal growth factor (EGF), interleukin-1β (IL1B), and enrichment to related transferase activity and kinase activity regulated biological processes involved in oxidative stress and inflammation related pathways. In addition, PCR results showed that all the above molecules were altered in expression after UCMSC involvement.

Conclusion: This experiment demonstrated the role of UCMSC in delaying retinal ganglion cell senescence and further elucidated that UCMSC may be associated with the activation of VEGFA, TP53, ALB, GAPDH, IL6, IL1B, MMP9 genes and the inhibition of INS, EGF, and TNF in delaying retinal senescence.

Keywords: Retinal ganglion cells, aging, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells, bioinformatics analysis, apoptosis, oxidative stress.

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