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Current Diabetes Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-3998
ISSN (Online): 1875-6417

Research Article

Effect of Exercise Therapy on Incident Admission in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Inpatient Diabetes Self-management Education and Support Tokyo Metropolitan Toshima Hospital, Tokyo Metropolitan Hospital Organization, Japan

In Press, (this is not the final "Version of Record"). Available online 21 November, 2023
Author(s): Hiroaki Masuda*, Fumiko Iwashima, Daisuke Ishiyama, Hideki Nakajima, Yosuke Kimura, Yuhei Otobe, Mizue Suzuki, Shingo Koyama, Shu Tanaka, Iwao Kojima and Minoru Yamada
Published on: 21 November, 2023

Article ID: e211123223677

DOI: 10.2174/0115733998269490231106190128

Abstract

Background: Exercise therapy is the key to preventing admission of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, a few studies have examined the effects of exercise therapy on patients with T2DM undergoing inpatient diabetes self-management education and support (IDSMES).

Objective: This study investigated whether exercise therapy influenced the incidence of admission after discharge in patients with T2DM undergoing IDSMES.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with T2DM who underwent IDSMES between June 2011 and May 2015. Overall, 258 patients were included in this study. The exercise therapy program was implemented in June 2013. Accordingly, patients diagnosed between June 2011 and May 2013 were categorized as the non-exercise therapy program group, while those diagnosed between June 2013 and May 2015 were categorized as the exercise therapy program group. Outcomes were incident diabetes-related and all-cause admissions within 1 year of discharge. Multiple logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the exercise therapy program’s impact on the outcomes.

Results: Within 1 year of discharge, 27 (10.5%) patients underwent diabetes-related admissions and 62 (24.0%) underwent all-cause admissions. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed a significant association of the exercise therapy program with incident diabetes-related and allcause admissions [OR: 0.22 (95% CI: 0.08–0.59) and 0.44 (95% CI: 0.22–0.86), respectively].

Conclusion: Exercise therapy programs significantly lowered the incidences of diabetes-related and all-cause admissions. This indicates that implementing exercise therapy during hospitalization may be important for preventing admissions of patients with T2DM receiving IDSMES.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, type 2, exercise therapy, admission, inpatient, diabetes self-management education and support


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